14 Famous Monuments and Landmarks In Italy

Famous monuments in Italy

Italy is full of history and culture, with much of its chronicles being stored in the walls of ancient buildings and landmarks. These have created a wealth of monuments throughout the country, many of which are well-known around the world.

If you’re researching for an Italian holiday and want to know which monuments in Italy to visit, and where, here are some of the most famous monuments in Italy.

Well-Known Italy Monuments In Rome

Famous monuments in Rome

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Rome is home to many of the monuments of Italy, and since it’s the capital city, this makes it a brilliant place to start your search of historical landmarks in Italy. These can all be easily found and reached, even on a short city break.

St Peter’s Basilica

This Rennaissance-style building is believed to be the burial place of Saint Peter, one of the twelve apostles. The stunning church is found in Piazza San Pietro in the Vatican City.

The Pantheon

Once a Roman temple, the Pantheon is now a church that stands majestically in the centre of Rome. This is considered the best-preserved monument from Ancient Rome and has stood mostly untouched through Roman history. The structure of the building is phenomenal, with its materials being somewhat of a mystery. It’s also home to the largest unsupported dome in the world.

The Colosseum

Arguably the most famous building in Italy, the Colosseum was the largest amphitheatre built in 80 AD. It was designed to host gladiator fights and seated 5000 audience members. It’s a large part of Roman history and an important stop on any first-time Italy trip.

Roman Forum

In the heart of the city, the Forum stands as a memory of Ancient Roman life. This was once the main centre of the city and it saw many of the main activities happening. These included social, religious, and even political events. Today, it’s surrounded by ruins and is a major attraction for many.

Spanish Steps

Located near many important buildings, and showcasing the splendid Trinità dei Monti church, the Spanish Steps in Rome are undoubtedly one of the most famous structures in Italy. The steps were built in the 1700s and are the widest steps in all of Europe.

Important Italian Landmarks In & Around Naples

Famous monuments in Italy Pompeii

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Naples holds much of Italy’s important history and is home to artworks and architecture from centuries ago. This makes it one of the best places to find major landmarks in Italy and a wonderful city to discover, particularly the historic centre, a fine example of almost total conservation and use of the ancient Greek road layout.  Walking along Spaccanapoli Strada will ensure you see many of the beautiful monuments Naples has to offer.  Start your journey at Piazza Gesu Nouvo.

Ovo Castle

Not only is this castle Naple’s oldest, but it also has many interesting stories behind it. It has seen years of history, including many different dignitaries and plenty of renovating over the years. The castle sits on the Gulf of Naples and offers views of the sea to one side, and the city to the other.

The Giant’s Fountain

One of the most beautiful monuments in Italy, the Giant’s Fountain was created in the 1600s by Italian sculptors Pietro Bernini and Michelangelo Naccherino. It has been moved around the city of Naples quite a lot and is now found on the Bench of Saint Lucia. The design of the fountain’s arches combined with the intricate sculptures that adorn it, make this a pleasant sight to seek out.

Piazza Municipio

This large piazza in Naples is surrounded by many other monuments of Italy. Including the Basilica Cattedrale di San Nicolò and the staircase created by Baroque-style architect Paolo Labisi. The piazza is also home to the Mayor of Naples’ office and the 20th century Palazzo of the Bank of Italy.

Pompeii Ruins

Pompeii City was first struck by a terrible earthquake in 62 AD. And then, not even 20 years later, the still-active volcano, Mount Vesuvius erupted over the town. Thousands of residents perished and the town was blanketed in a layer of burning pumice stone. Centuries later, the area is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and provides a well-preserved ancient city for many to wander around.

Stunning Italian Monuments In The Tuscany Region

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Especially known for its landscapes and artistic legacy, the Tuscany region of Italy is also home to many handsome famous Italian landmarks.

The Leaning Tower of Pisa

This widely-known bell tower in the city of Pisa attracts many visitors to view its leaning. The tower began leaning shortly after it was erected, due to one side having a weak foundation. The tower was built over a couple of centuries, starting in the early 1100s and was restored slightly in the 1900s to prevent its complete collapse. It’s a definite attraction, and well worth the visit, if only for the photo opportunity.

Florence Duomo Santa Maria del Fiore

Locally known as The Duomo, this cathedral is one of the most recognizable structures on the Florence skyline. The massive building took over 140 years to construct, but the final product is impressive enough to understand this extended construction timeline. The Gothic-styled cathedral’s bell tower, domed rooftop and gorgeous bronze doors (or The Gates of Paradise) all create a fantastically brilliant monument in the city.

Famous Italian Buildings In Northern Italy

Famous monuments in Italy Milan

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The entire country boasts numerous buildings renowned for their beauty and heritage. From centuries-old churches to bell towers and statues. Here’s where to find these gorgeous Northern Italy constructions.

Milan Cathedral

The Duomo Di Milan is a must-visit for anyone looking to view famous buildings in Italy. Not only is this Milan’s Archbishop seat, but the cathedral is also the church of Milan and is the 5th-largest Christian church in the world. This impressively large and intricate church took more than six centuries to complete construction. There is so much to see here, including the large sundial outside the entrance and the many statues inside and out.

St Mark’s Basilica

Undoubtedly one of the most famous and historical buildings in Italy, this church is set in the picturesque city of Venice. The ‘church of gold’ is a stunning building, adorned with mosaics, and countless historic treasures. Be sure to stop by here while in Venice, whether to tour the magnificent inside or simply enjoy the views from the outside.

Mole Antonelliana

This Italian monument is extremely important in Italian culture. So much so that you’ll find it on the country’s two-cent coin. The tower was designed by the architect Alessandro Antonelli – hence its name – and constructed in 1863 – 1889.

It’s a grand structure, standing prominently in the town of Turin, and houses the National Museum of Cinema. While here, we suggest you take a trip up the panoramic lift which will take you to the top of the building and provide you with 360-degree views of the city, along with scenes of the Alps in the distance.

Summary of Italy Monuments & Landmarks

Famous monuments in Italy Rome

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While Italy has many more monuments and historic buildings to view, these should be on everyone’s Italy bucket list. They offer insight into the history of the country and provide stunning sights and picture-perfect moments for your trip.

Be sure to add these important landmarks in Italy to your itinerary but for more information and advice on how to book tours and city breaks and where to base yourself, ask one of the ABTOI specialist tour operators to ensure you really appreciate the history and beauty.  They will have insider tips and knowledge that few will know, making your holiday an extra special experience.  Italian Expressions and Kirker Holidays are highly recommended to tailor a break to suit your taste and budget. Or if you prefer to take in multiple cities and use Italy’s fantastic rail system, Railbookers will create your personal itinerary according to your budget.